The BC Coroners Service has published updated reports on illicit drug toxicity deaths and fentanyl-detected drug deaths to the end of August 2019.
Key preliminary findings of these drug death reports are below. Data are subject to change:
- In August 2019, there were 79 suspected illicit drug toxicity deaths, a 37% decrease from the number of deaths in August 2018 (125), and a 13% increase from the number of deaths occurring in July 2019 (70).
- There were approximately 2.5 illicit drug toxicity deaths per day in August 2019.
- For the first eight months of 2019, there were 690 illicit drug toxicity deaths, a decrease of 33% over the same eight-month period in 2018 when 1,037 were reported.
- In 2019, 71% of those dying were aged 30 to 59 years. Individuals aged 19 to 59 years accounted for 89% of all illicit drug toxicity deaths in 2019.
- Males accounted for 77% of all suspected illicit drug toxicity deaths in 2019.
- By local health area, the rates of illicit drug toxicity deaths are highest in Princeton, Grand Forks, Hope, Vancouver (aggregate) and Keremeos (see Table 16 in the report for details).
- Fentanyl was detected in more than 85% of illicit drug toxicity deaths in 2018 and 2019.
- No deaths have been reported at supervised consumption sites or drug overdose prevention sites.
Here are some tips to help respond to overdoses, promote harm reduction and raise awareness about treatment options available:
- Always carry a naloxone kit, even if you do not use drugs. Call 911 if you see an overdose.
- If using drugs, have them checked if you can, and never use alone. Use at a supervised consumption site or overdose prevention site if you can.
- If you think you might have a substance-use disorder, talk to your health provider about treatments that are available.
- Illicit drug toxicity death report: https://www2.gov.bc.ca/assets/gov/birth-adoption-death-marriage-and-divorce/deaths/coroners-service/statistical/illicit-drug.pdf
- Fentanyl-detected death report: https://www2.gov.bc.ca/assets/gov/birth-adoption-death-marriage-and-divorce/deaths/coroners-service/statistical/fentanyl-detected-overdose.pdf
- Toward the Heart: www.towardtheheart.com
- BC Centre for Disease Control (BCCDC) Overdose Response Indicators: http://www.bccdc.ca/health-professionals/data-reports/overdose-response-indicators
- BCCDC Illegal Drug Overdose Events Report: http://www.bccdc.ca/health-professionals/data-reports/illegal-drug-overdose-events